Gum Disease - Bristol Circle

Gum diseases are conditions that are referred to as periodontitis or gingivitis. Our mouths are full of bacteria and these bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colourless "plaque" on our teeth. Brushing and flossing helps get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form "tartar" that brushing doesn't clean. At that point, you would require a professional cleaning by a dentist or a dental hygienist to remove the tartar.

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gums and surrounding tissues. The infection might get worse in the presence or plaque and tartar and whereby creating an infected pocket that surrounds the infected tooth. When the pocket deepens, the infection might spread to the tissues surrounding the tooth and thus contribute to the loss of the alveolar bone containing the tooth sockets. If left untreated, it can lead to the loosening and subsequent loss of teeth.

Gingivitis is when bacteria causes inflammation of the gums. The gums become very red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place.